How To Reverse Sun Damage To Your Skin

Are you starting to notice fine lines or dark spots on your face? Believe it or not, these skin issues are not just caused by normal aging. A study showed that up to  90% of visible skin aging is caused by overexposure to the sun’s harmful rays.

Is there anything you can do to reverse this damage? Keep reading to find out the effects of sun exposure on your skin and how to reverse sun damage.

What Is Sun Damage?

The sun helps the skin produce vitamin D, which enhances the body’s immune system, but overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can also cause significant damage to the skin. This damage is referred to as sun damage, photoaging, or photodamage.

There are two types of UV rays: UVA and UVB. The most common form of sun exposure is UVA. Although you can’t see UVA rays, they can damage your skin from the epidermis (outer layer) deep down into the dermis (inner layer).

Several parts within the layers of the skin are affected, including collagen, elastin fibers, epidermal cells, and capillaries. Collagen and elastin fibers give the skin its elasticity, firmness, and youthful tautness.

Meanwhile, UVB rays, though not as prevalent, are more potent than UVA rays. UVB causes DNA changes in the epidermis, potentially leading to premature skin aging and the formation of precancerous cells.

Everyone is susceptible to sun damage. However, the amount of damage you experience depends on your skin type, how much unprotected sun exposure you’ve had over time, and other environmental factors.

People with lighter skin are generally more susceptible to sun damage and skin cancer. They also burn easier due to less melanin, a pigment that protects the skin from the sun’s UV rays.

Darker-skinned people can also develop sun damage and skin cancer but they are more likely to get melasma or uneven dark patches on their skin.

How Does Sun Damage Affect Your Skin?

Sun damage has short-term and long-term effects on your skin. Frequent unprotected exposure to the sun’s UV rays over time increases the risk of skin cancer.

Sunburn is an immediate, visible sign of sun damage, often accompanied by redness and blotchiness. If you look at sunburnt skin under a microscope, you will see that the skin cells and blood cells have been damaged.

With repeated sunburn, your skin will start to look and feel dry, flaky, discolored, or wrinkled. This is because the sun can deplete the skin’s levels of essential fatty acids.

Sun damage can also slow down the rate of cell renewal, resulting in a build-up of old or dead skin cells. It causes dullness, congestion, and stubborn pigmentation marks on the skin.

Other signs of sun damage include the following:

  • Freckles
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Rough, uneven skin tone
  • Decreased elasticity
  • Pigmentation changes, such as age spots or liver spots (solar lentigines)
  • Mottled pigmentation (discolored areas of the skin)
  • Sallowness (yellow discoloration of the skin)
  • Spider veins or broken capillaries, usually around the nose and chest
  • Telangiectasias (dilation of small blood vessels under the skin)
  • Elastosis (the destruction of the elastic and collagen tissues)
  • Actinic keratoses (raised bumps or rough, scaly patches of skin)
  • Benign tumors
  • Cancerous skin lesions, like melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma

What Can You Do To Reverse Sun Damage?

Practicing daily sun protection is the best way to take care of your skin. It is essential in preventing, slowing down, and reversing the signs of sun damage.

Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher will help shield your skin from UVA and UVB rays.

A 2013 study found that people who use sunscreen daily with SPF 15 or higher show 24% less skin aging than those who do not use sun protection.

Although sun damage cannot be removed entirely, some treatments may help minimize its effects and repair the skin.

Topical Retinoids

Topical retinoids in a cream or serum, like tretinoin, can be prescribed by a dermatologist. These compounds help boost the collagen in the skin. Retinoids can address uneven skin tone, fine lines, and roughness caused by sun damage.

Retinol is a less potent form of retinoid that you can also find in over-the-counter products. They vary in formulations and strengths depending on your skin type. This compound works by increasing collagen production and encouraging cell turnover.

Dr. David Bank, a board-certified dermatologist in New York, says that retinol combats nearly all signs of sun damage. “It can help fade brown spots, even out pigmentation, and even diminish wrinkles,” he adds.

Laser Treatments

Laser is another treatment for the signs of sun damage. It uses short pulses of concentrated light to shed specific areas or layers off the skin to reveal new, fresh skin beneath.

There are different approaches to laser treatments, including CO2 and fractional resurfacing. Dr. Kathleen Suozzi,  director of Aesthetic Dermatology, says that laser treatments can make your skin healthier and help treat precancerous changes.

Fractional resurfacing works to rejuvenate the skin and minimize the appearance of enlarged pores, brown spots, and fine lines.

Meanwhile, a pulsed dye laser can remove redness and broken blood vessels due to excessive sun exposure. Other laser treatments also target the melanin pigment to reduce sun spots.

Chemical Peels

Research shows that chemical peels are a safe and effective treatment for sun-damaged skin. They use a chemical solution to remove damaged cells from the top layers of the skin, making it smoother and softer.

A chemical peel can be done on its own or combined with other cosmetic treatments. Options for chemical substances include glycolic acid, salicylic acid, alpha-hydroxy acid, or trichloroacetic acid. There are different depths to choose from: light, medium, and deep.

For light to medium chemical peels, you may need to undergo the treatment more than once to achieve the desired results. Deeper peels provide more dramatic results but may require a longer recovery time.

Chemical peels are ideal for those with wrinkles, acne scars, age spots, and actinic keratoses. This treatment also helps improve the tone and texture of the skin.

While permanent sun damage is irreversible, there is still something you can do to repair and revive your skin. At Revivology, we can help you address any specific skin concerns due to sun damage and aging.

We offer a wide range of treatments, including customized chemical peels to suit your individual needs. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

PRP Therapy vs. PRFM: What’s the difference?

If you suffer from aging skin or hair loss, you’re either trying every remedy under the sun, or you’re slowly coming to terms with it — and maybe buying lots of expensive creams. Even though sagging skin and receding hairlines are a natural part of the aging process for many men and women, it doesn’t make it any less frustrating.

In the case of hair loss, it was assumed for many years that if you had a bald spot, and those infomercial hair creams weren’t giving you any results, you could pretty much say goodbye to ever seeing hair in that area again. But thankfully, cosmetic research has come a long way since then. Ever since the discovery of PRP (platelet-rich plasma) and PRFM (platelet-rich fibrin matrix), we’ve been able to specifically target these aging concerns, without the need for synthetic injectables or surgery! 

What is PRP?

Platelet-rich plasma, or PRP, has to do with your blood cells. If you were to get a microscopic view inside your plasma, you’d find tiny cells that contain special proteins that are super beneficial to the body in terms of healing. We call these tiny healing cells growth factors, for their ability to encourage the body to grow and form new cells. 

So, PRP therapy then is a safe and effective treatment where we draw a small amount of blood from the patient, place the sample into a centrifuge, and then process the blood to help separate it into distinct layers. We then collect the platelets and plasma in the upper part of the test tube and use it to infuse the skin, scalp, or other area of the body with tissue damage. These concentrated growth factors then go in and encourage the damaged areas to begin the cell production process. 

The Benefits

We may provide PRP therapy in the form of microneedling, injections, or facials, depending on the area of concern and the desired results. PRP works wonders in bringing back your youthful, natural complexion while improving the tone and texture of the skin. Whether it’s through microneedling or injections, PRPs can reduce the appearance of scarring, stretch marks, and fine lines. It can also be injected into the scalp to stimulate hair follicles to grow healthy hair in place.

The healing benefits of PRPs go beyond cosmetic therapy. PRPs are often used in dentistry, sports medicine, and orthopedics. PRP therapy can even be used for sexual rejuvenation, with specific injections to address common libido concerns in both men and women.

What is PRFM?

Platelet-rich fibrin matrix, or PRFM, involves taking these same blood cells and spinning them in the centrifuge at a lower speed, so that the layers of the blood do less separating. This process allows some of the white blood cells and stem cells to stay in the upper platelet layer that we collect for treatment.

Because of its higher concentration, PRFM can be more effective and powerful compared to traditional PRP. There is also some research that shows the growth activity stimulated by platelet-rich fibrin matrix lasts longer, which may provide better results and progress with the same amount of treatments as PRP.

Both PRP and PRFM can be used to treat the following:

  • Hair loss and volume loss
  • Aging, sagging skin
  • Loss of elasticity or collagen
  • Scarring, acne scars, keloids
  • Stretchmarks and fine lines
  • Wrinkles

What’s the difference between PRP and PRFM?

Platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin matrix are both superior options for healing derived from the same blood cells, and they can both be used in the same cosmetic treatments. The main difference can be boiled down to the following:

Because the PRFM is spun at a lower speed before it is gathered for cosmetic use, there end up being more growth factors in PRFM than we would typically see in PRP. Additionally, the lower spin speed causes less trauma to the individual blood cells, allowing more of these beneficial stem cells to remain in the final PRF product.

But as far as the actual procedures go, there’s virtually no difference in the length of the procedure, both therapies are still non-surgical and require little-to-no downtime, and while you may notice faster and more visible progress with PRFM, they’re both exceptional treatments that can provide amazing results. 

Both PRP and PRFM treatments can be performed once a month for the first few months, and then tapered off depending on the initial response to PRP therapy. Results typically appear two or three months after the first treatment and continue to improve up to a year. The amount of treatments you’ll need depends on the area of concern and your overall goals.

Are there side effects to PRP or PRFM?

Because both PRP and PRFM are derived from your own blood cells, there’s little to no risk of allergic reaction. Many of our clients prefer platelet therapies as a more natural approach to traditional injections or treatments. 

If you have anemia or other blood conditions, you may not be a good candidate for PRP or PRFM therapy. We also have found that individuals who smoke or consume heavy amounts of alcohol have a lower platelet count and do not have the same results compared to our non-smoking clients. But the good news is, there are plenty of other options for those who are not a good candidate for PRP and still want to improve their appearance. 

At Revivology, your health and safety are our utmost priority. We always perform a health screening prior to any procedures to ensure we help you design a treatment plan that is safe and meets your needs. 

Determining which therapy is right for you

Whether you’re leaning towards PRP, PRFM, or something else, that youthful glow and full head of hair is right at your fingertips. Simply come in and talk to us about your desired outcome, we’ll help you get started and feeling like yourself again.

Everything You Need to Know About Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation isn’t a specific condition or disease — it’s the term used to describe areas of the skin that appear darker. Hyperpigmented skin usually presents itself in the form of dark patches, age spots, or even freckles. If you’re noticing hyperpigmented areas on your face or body (like your shoulders and hands), you’re not alone. This condition is very common, although it doesn’t make it any less frustrating. Here’s a breakdown of all things hyperpigmentation, from types to treatment.

What is Hyperpigmentation, Anyway?

Whether you’ve spent too much time in the sun or you’re having a flare-up of some kind, those spots of hyperpigmented skin all boil down to one thing: too much melanin. Melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, is created by melanocyte cells which live in the outer layers of our epidermis. One of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation is large amounts of sun exposure, which triggers a melanin response to protect the skin. This darker pigment may look like a tan at first but as time goes on and the skin continues to get exposed, the pigment becomes uneven, turning into age spots, freckles, or even melasma, a condition linked to hormone-related hyperpigmentation.

But it isn’t the sun alone that can cause this overproduction of melanin. Any type of inflammation or trauma to the skin can trigger a melanin response. Something as simple as a breakout or a rash can create discoloration that doesn’t go away.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

Skin discoloration can show itself in a variety of ways. We’ve mentioned a few already, but here’s a quick summary to help you get a better idea of the specifics. 

  1. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – This is the discoloration that happens as a result of injury or inflammation to the skin, such as acne, eczema, or a rash.
  2. Age spots – When the skin begins to age, the areas that are most exposed to the sun over time, such as the face, neck, shoulders, hands, develop hyperpigmentation.
  3. Freckles – While freckle production is linked to your genes, an overexposure to sun could cause freckles to appear darker and more prominent. 
  4. Melasma – This type of discoloration is more common in women, appearing on the nose, cheeks, and upper lip. Melasma often appears during the hormonal changes in pregnancy.

How to Treat Hyperpigmentation

The best way to treat any sun-related skin concerns is to prevent it. If you already have hyperpigmented spots, it’s never too late to prevent those spots from getting darker over time. As skin experts who want what’s best for you and your skin, we can’t emphasize enough the importance of daily sun protection. We recommend applying an SPF 30 or more to your face every single day, whether it’s winter or fall, rainy or sunny. If you plan to be outside for the day, make sure to reapply sunscreen every two to three hours and wear a hat. There’s an endless range of cute and affordable hats these days, and your skin will look better in the long run if you can avoid heavy sun exposure.

It’s also important to avoid picking or scratching your skin, as popping a pimple or scratching a mosquito bite could result in a dark spot. When in doubt, it’s best to leave it and let your skin and any skincare regimen take care of it.

Now that we’ve got that out of the way, let’s talk about treatment! Although there are many causes of hyperpigmentation, we have a variety of treatments we can recommend to help you get to the bottom of it. (Or in this case, the top of it, since it involves the outer layers of your skin.)

If you’re practicing a solid sunscreen routine, you’re already ahead of the game. The next step is to talk with a dermatologist and get a treatment plan of action. We provide a variety of treatments that can improve the appearance of your skin including hyperpigmentation, and there’s a bonus: these treatments can also improve scarring, wrinkles, and more.

Professional Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are cosmetic treatments that can be applied to the face, neck, and hands. How it works is this: one of our trained professionals applies a highly concentrated acid to your skin, creating an exfoliation process over several weeks that removes the dull, damaged skin and allows new skin to grow.

The advantage of a professional chemical peel is that it provides quicker, more dramatic results than topical treatments. Peels are most efficient on fairer skin types, but can also improve medium to dark skin depending on the severity of the pigmentation.


Microdermabrasion is an in-office procedure that treats hyperpigmentation and other skin concerns with a small attachment or handheld tool. Like chemical peels, microdermabrasion exfoliates the skin, removing the epidermis layer of the skin to encourage new skin to grow.

Topical treatments

We may recommend one or several topical treatments you can apply to your skin to improve the appearance of dark spots over time. Patience is key with this treatment, but results should happen over time. Depending on your skin type and severity of the hyperpigmentation, we can offer a variety of over the counter or prescription-strength products to help lighten the skin. We recommend these products for treating pigmented skin:

  • Kojic acid
  • Licorice or mushroom extract
  • Glycolic acid or lactic acids
  • Retinols
  • Antioxidants like vitamin C
  • Prescription hydroquinone
  • Other over-the-counter lightening creams

As many of these products can be irritating or interact with other ingredients in your skincare routine, we always recommend consulting with a dermatologist before starting a new lightening product. 

So, there you have it. Hyperpigmentation is a common concern that happens to most people at some point in their lives. Make sunscreen a consistent habit for healthy skin over time. And if you’d like to improve the appearance of dark spots, come see our skincare experts at Revivology. We’ll help you keep your discoloration to a minimum so you can feel more confident and in control.

Contact us today!

Is My Skin Dry or Dehydrated?


Best Skin Care Products in Utah - Revivology Medical Spa in South JordanWinter is just around the corner and living in Utah’s high desert with its cold, dry air often means dry, flaky skin.

But…Is it really the environment that causes your dry skin?

Utahn’s spend millions of dollars every year to combat effects of thirsty skin, but the best medicine might be FREE and flowing from every tap in your house.

“The skin is an organ, and just like any other part of the body, your skin is made up of cells which are made up of water,” said Miki Eberhardt, a local Registered Dietitian.

“If your skin is not getting a sufficient amount of water, the lack of hydration will present itself by turning your skin dry, tight and flaky,” she said.Best Skin Care Products in Utah - Revivology Medical Spa in UT

“Dry skin has less resilience and is more prone to wrinkling. When your skin cells are properly hydrated, it will give you a radiant, healthy, and younger-looking complexion,” Eberhardt, said.

Experts say drinking plenty of water AND using water-based lotions, especially during winter months, is an effective approach to regulate moisture inside the skin and keep it looking its best. You can also consider services, like our Organic Sugar Scrub to restore your skin’s glow.Skin Medica from Revivology in South Jordan, Utah

“Don’t let a minute pass after your shower before applying a good lotion as a protective barrier for your skin, especially during winter months,” said Doctor Mike Johnson, a practicing physician in Herriman.

Revivology shares a full-line of Skin Care Products in Utah related to giving skin the extra boost it needs to resist dryness especially during harsh winter months.

Come in and see the estheticians at Revivology.  They’re experts at knowing just the right products to recommend based on your lifestyle, skin type and climate zone.

Schedule an appointment with our experts to plan a proactive winter skin care regimen and have a facial BEFORE your skin gets dry tight and flaky.

Why Your Mother Was RIGHT About Taking Vitamins

Revivology Medical Spa in South Jordan, Utah - Experts at Work

Your mother always told you it was important to take your vitamins.

She was probably trying to help you avoid sickness and wanted you to grow big and tall.

It turns out that taking your vitamins isn’t just mom’s remedy for cold prevention anymore.  Certain vitamins can help your skin and face stay looking young and beautiful!

By now you’ve heard antioxidants, like vitamins, are good for your body, but did you also know they’re good for your skin?

Antioxidants in vitamins C, E and Selenium may protect your skin from skin cancer and sun damage. There’s also evidence that antioxidants enhance your skin’s natural repair system and prevent further damage, according to a Web MD article.

Vitamin B also plays an important role in keep your skin at its best.  If you’ve got dry itchy skinSkin Care Products at Revivology in South Jordan, Utah, experts say it could be caused by a Vitamin B deficiency.

The best way to get these nutrients is through a healthy, varied diet rich in vitamins and minerals.

Realistically, we are less and less likely to get all the vitamins we need through diet alone.  This is especially true for picky eaters.  So, dietary supplements, like the chewable pills your mom gave you, are helpful for most people.

Through the miracle of science, you can target vitamins and antioxidants at specific areas of your body, especially the face, utilizing vitamin and antioxidant enriched creams and serums.

Revivology offers the latest line of science-based skincare products that promote healthy, beautiful skin. Best Skin Care Products in Utah - Revivology Medical Spa

Every year, industry advancements produce miraculous products that not only prevent skin damage but provide inexpensive (compared to complicated procedures and surgeries), non-invasive ways to repair damaged skin, especially on and near your face.

Revivology carries both SkinMedica and SkinCuetical product lines which both use advanced super-antioxident formulas proven to slow aging, showing visible results in as little as two weeks.

If you’re ready to take steps toward preventing or repairing damaged skin, Revivology has expert clinicians,procedures and products to help you look and feel better!  Come in let us help you transform your skin.

As Summer Bids a Fond Goodbye, here’s a refresher on skin cancer

That amazing beach vacation in Hawaii may soon be a distant memory but cooler weather brings walks, ski vacations and additional time under ole sol…when your skin will again be exposed to damaging UV rays. It’s a fact: premature aging, wrinkles, spots and skin cancer can all trace their beginnings to the sun. 
When abnormal cells invade or spread to other parts of the body, the result is skin cancer.Scary words for sure, that none of us want to hear. But many skin cancers can be easily and successfully treated if caught early. That’s why it is important to have your skin – all of it – checked at least once a year for changes or abnormalities, to have pre-cancerous lesions treated and to examine any otherwise suspicious growths. This is especially critical as you age. The three types of skin cancer are:

    • Basal cell…a slow growing cancer which is unlikely to spread to distant areas of the body or cause death. It appears as a painless, sometimes shiny raised area of the skin.
    • Squamous cell…is more likely to spread. It appears as a hard lump with a scaly top.
    • Melanoma…is the most aggressive. Moles that have changed in size, color or shape or are itchy or bleed are some of the signs of melanoma.
  • Skin cancer is serious, but most skin cancers, if found early, are treatable.
  • People with many moles have a higher risk of melanoma.
  • Other risk factors include advanced age, heredity, light skin color and exposure to tanning beds.
  • Over one million people in the U.S. each year are diagnosed with skin cancer. Unfortunately, many more go undiagnosed.
  • UVA and UVB sunscreen helps block the rays than lead to skin cancer but it does not prevent it…sun damage is cumulative.To be effective, sunscreen must be worn! 

Let us help you take care of your amazing skin! At REVIVOLOGY, we carry Skinmedica, Skinceuticals and Eminence skin care lines.

Call us for a consultation with Dr. Moore today at (801)987-8653.


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